QM methodologies are integrated sets of tools and techniques. The peer review process is the PD’s initial methodology choice for QM. The tools include, but are not limited to, checklists, standards, forms and documentation. The Peer Review (PR) is a general method for reviewing development work products in order to eliminate defects as early in the development life cycle as possible. It can be applied to any type of development work product including designs, code, scenarios, test scripts, test cases, and documentation.
The PR, when properly conducted at various points during development, can be the single most effective way to uncover and correct errors while they are still inexpensive to find and fix. Peer reviews allow program personnel to evaluate work products against program standards as documented in the peer review checklists. It can be perceived as a “filter” for the software engineering process. The PR is an iterative process, supporting continuous improvement in achieving the plan mission. Each PR is a formal meeting conducted by technical staff with the sole purpose of uncovering quality problems. The type of PR dictates who will attend; the review chair (facilitator) exercises discretion concerning whom to invite.